This appears to be a very lively and important discussion.
One item that I would share is that there some precedent in the courts on this matter. The defining case that established the standard of care of informed consent in this regard was a superior court case decision in 1991. Referred to as the “Johnsons Control Decision” it outline the requirements for an employer to inform their employees of any increased reproductive health risks risk when working with hazardous material. Most of the recommendations from this case would be appropriate to students in an academic laboratory in my opinion.
I would encourage all to read through the various legal briefing found by googling “Johnsons Control Decision Informed Consent”
Ken Smith, CHP CIH RRPT
University of California
Laboratory Safety Manager
voice (510) 882-3499
Hi Monona - When I teach the first lab I always go into the details of this policy. I usually mention that male students might also want to think about this policy carefully as well. They probably think I am nuts. I also mention that pregnant woman are advised not to pump gas or eat lots of tuna to relate this to real life comparisons. We have a ton of lab instructors so I don't know for sure how carefully they present the material, but it is in our training. On the positive side, all of our labs are taught by faculty because we don't have a grad program.
I think that I want to change "toxins" to "toxicants"
On 2/27/2014 9:54 AM, Monona Rossol wrote:
NOT BAD! I will steal some of that excellent statement, thank you muchly. This will work as long as the school has documentation that their Lab Standard training includes the information on pregnancy risks that the teachers will need to fairly present these issues to students. Then you have it nailed except for teachers who have some kind of bias. That is always the weak link that cannot be made perfect with any policy or training.
Monona Rossol, M.S., M.F.A., Industrial Hygienist
President: Arts, Crafts & Theater Safety, Inc.
Safety Officer: Local USA829, IATSE
181 Thompson St., #23
New York, NY 10012 212-777-0062
From: Samuella Sigmann <sigmannsb**At_Symbol_Here**APPSTATE.EDU>
To: DCHAS-L <DCHAS-L**At_Symbol_Here**MED.CORNELL.EDU>
Sent: Thu, Feb 27, 2014 7:29 am
Subject: Re: [DCHAS-L] Question about lab policy for "medical condition"
Hi Dave - Here is our pregnancy statement. Approved by our university attorney 5+ years ago. We have this in all our manuals and lab syllabi. According to the attorney, the rights of the mother to participate in lab take precedence. In other words, we cannot tell them to stay out for the baby's safety. We do just what you said - send them to their doctor with the SDSs. Some opt to drop lab. For those who don't, we have dry labs established for the experiments where there might really be an elevated risk - FPD with p-xylene, MW by Vapor - to name a few.
Allergies we handle on a case by case basis, but we did just come up with a statement this semester.
"Be aware that some individuals might be sensitive or allergic to chemicals used in lab. If you have a known allergy and would like to know if you should take precautions for this, please speak with your instructor at a convenient time."
We then mention some of the common things we have seen - nickel, sulfur, salicylic acid.
Department of Chemistry Pregnancy Policy
Pregnancy introduces a special set of variables into the consideration of hazards in laboratory. While the exposure levels to chemicals commonly encountered in a university laboratory setting pose no or low risk to an adult, they can pose a significantly higher level of hazard to the unborn fetus. Many of these hazards are not well studied, and it is not known what exposure level is safe for an unborn child. It is therefore prudent for pregnant women to limit the unnecessary exposure of a fetus to any chemicals. This is especially true if the chemicals are mutagenic (causes damage to chromosomes) or teratogenic (causes birth defects and/or fetal death).
If you have recently become pregnant or you are anticipating becoming pregnant while you are taking laboratory courses, you should discuss the possible ramifications that working in a chemistry laboratory might have on the fetus with your instructor and your physician. Your instructor can inform you of the specific chemicals that you will be using that are known or suspected to be reproductive toxins and your discussions will be held in strict confidence.
On 2/26/2014 9:19 PM, David C. Finster wrote:
I recently got an email from a colleague asking:
“Our department is looking for model policies for students with medical conditions which might limit their participation in the laboratory (such as asthma, pregnancy, allergies, etc.). We’re getting a suggestion from “on high” to have a caveat emptor policy where we just refer students to the SDS’s and tell them that they have to make their own decisions in consultation with their physician.
Do you know of any models we might look at for review, consideration, and/or adoption?”
David C. Finster
Professor, Department of Chemistry
University Chemical Hygiene Officer
Previous post | Top of Page | Next post