From: Harry J. Elston <helston**At_Symbol_Here**MIDWESTCHEMSAFETY.COM>
Subject: Re: [DCHAS-L] Today's Overview Webinar on New TSCA
Date: Sat, 2 Jul 2016 07:37:59 -0500
Reply-To: DCHAS-L <DCHAS-L**At_Symbol_Here**MED.CORNELL.EDU>
Message-ID: CAJ2hcfcL83UPgxGXmXERcpEN7mQW9fH=KJhfok4MGFOMtqBT8g**At_Symbol_Here**
In-Reply-To <155a7dbdc14-7fb5-9a90**At_Symbol_Here**>

"This pigment called YInMn Blue is made with the oxides of Indium (TLV-TWA = 0.1 mg/m3), yttrium (TLV-TWA = 1 mg/m3) and manganese (TLV-TWA = 0.1I and 0.02R). But it's nontoxic, right?"

TLVs are not a measure of toxicity - one needs to get into the documentation of the TLVs to determine the basis of the occupational exposure level, e.g. irritation, toxicity or whatever.

RE: 5(e) Order on Worker PPE: I have some heartburn with EPA mandating PPE as my experience is that they seem to default to a "zero exposure/zero risk" posture unless the manufacturer can demonstrate otherwise, and even then, may not budge. Unfortunately we do not live in a zero exposure/zero risk world; we (should) live in a managed exposure/managed risk one.


Pretty much, yeah. Y'all need to come out to flyover country - it's somewhat saner out here.. (Or the insanity progresses at slower pace).


On Fri, Jul 1, 2016 at 2:07 PM, Monona Rossol <0000012821515289-dmarc-request**At_Symbol_Here**> wrote:
Thanks. That's pretty much what I think as well. I have been following the various House and Senate versions since I presented information on the chemical testing issue to a Senate Staff Briefing with Earthjustice in 2011 when my book, Pick Your Poison, came out?

I also went through the outrageous CSA powerpoint discussed on the webinar. And while my major issue with the law is the piddling number of chemicals that will actually be tested and that they are the wrong chemicals and the wrong tests, I'd like to just look at one of those CSA webinar slides, The one that said:

New Chemicals
New law requires EPA to make affirmative finding on new
chemicals or significant new uses of existing chemicals

Before the chemical can enter the market, EPA must find
that the chemical:
- "presents an unreasonable risk" and issue a 5(f) order to
address such risk;
- "information-is insufficient to permit a reasoned
evaluation-" and issue a 5(e) order;
- "may present an unreasonable risk" and issue a 5(e) order;
- is "not likely to present an unreasonable risk" and publish
the determination

Someone should have asked what the provisions of the 5(e) and 5(f) orders are. Essentially, they are the same review procedure that has always been in place for PMN and SNURs that EPA has been using unsuccessfully for decades. They still are asking EPA to determine risk in the absence of data. And industry can still hold up the action by claiming that EPA did an unfair risk assessment.

I'm sure you know, but maybe others on the list re not familiar with these. Since 5(f) supposedly allows EPA ban production and to get a court injunction to stop manufacture (don't wait to see this happen), it make more sense to look at 5(e):

5(e) order When a PMN is filed, EPA will decide if it poses a significant risk or not. If they think it does, they do the following:

* Testing for toxicity or environmental fate once a certain production volume or time period is reached
NOTE: nothing stopped production of the chemical. Only after a certain volume does environmental testing even have to begin. And this is not toxicity testing for human exposure, it is bioaccumulation, water quality, etc.

* Use of worker personal protective equipment
NOTE: Since there is no data on the chemical, EPA takes a guess at respirator protection, gloves, etc.. Again, the stuff is in production, and the only people being protected are the workers making it.

* New Chemical Exposure Limits (NCELs) for worker protection
NOTE: Based on the same guesses about toxicity, EPA will set airborne limits only for those workers who manufacture the stuff.

* Hazard communication language
NOTE: EPA expects manufacturers to tell their workers what those EPA guesses are about the toxicity. That must be so reassuring.

* Distribution and use restrictions
NOTE: This keeps the manufacturer from hurling the crap into the drains, out in the dumpster, or along a roadside in Tennessee. And they can say that something should not be used ultimately for certain purposes in the consumer or industrial markets. But this is rarely done and it is usually only restricted for uses that prevent environmental damage not human harm.

* Restrictions on releases to water air and land, and
NOTE: Based on their guesses, they may set limits on how much of this stuff can be released.

* Recordkeeping.
NOTE: the manufacturer keeps records of production

NOW answer these questions:

1. Did you see any testing requirement to find out what the stuff ACTUALLY does to the worker or other people? Or is it still based on a risk assessment by analogy and without REAL data?

2. Did you see any requirements for hazcom other than for the workers manufacturing the chemical? Are workers using this chemical downstream included here?

3. And WHERE does the chemical that these manufacturing workers have produced go? Aha, I've been watching the FR for years to figure it out.

Now the chemical is sold to various jobbers and scattered to the wily winds of the market. Does EPA's concern go on the label and the SDS that accompanies this stuff? Maybe, maybe not. But it certainly won't be on any document associated with this 5(e) chemical once it is part of a consumer or industrial product used by secondary industries or consumers.

And under the misguided rules of the CPSC, this chemical or products containing it can be labeled "nontoxic" since only chemicals proven by specific tests require labeling.

I've watched this in particular with dyes in the 1980s and 1990 that are in classes we can assume are toxic. They end up in the shops of my textile dyers and costume workers and on the clothes you and the actors wear. Unlike the E.U. that has a Dye Directive that prohibits use of any dye that can break down to release any of 22 known carcinogens next to the skin, we have no such law.

And no sense watching for this now, because manufacturers just send all this work to India, Bangladesh and China. Notice that there is nothing in the bill about products made with any chemical in a foreign country that comes in as a consumer product. There is no way not to police this that I've seen.

And DID YOU SEE the article in C&EN on the wonderful new blue inorganic pigment? It is now being touted by the inventor and art organizations as nontoxic, art work using it can be seen on websites, and it will be coming to your neighborhood soon in some form. Was there a PMN on this? I no longer check the FR, but someone should. They'll probably just job it out.

This pigment called YInMn Blue is made with the oxides of Indium (TLV-TWA = 0.1 mg/m3), yttrium (TLV-TWA = 1 mg/m3) and manganese (TLV-TWA = 0.1I and 0.02R). But it's nontoxic, right? Why, because no one can prove if you combine three nasty things you might not get something really safe.


Monona Rossol, M.S., M.F.A., Industrial Hygienist
President: Arts, Crafts & Theater Safety, Inc.
Safety Officer: Local USA829, IATSE
181 Thompson St., #23
New York, NY 10012 212-777-0062

Monona Rossol, M.S., M.F.A., Industrial Hygienist
President: Arts, Crafts & Theater Safety, Inc.
Safety Officer: Local USA829, IATSE
181 Thompson St., #23
New York, NY 10012 212-777-0062

-----Original Message-----
From: Roger McClellan <roger.o.mcclellan**At_Symbol_Here**ATT.NET>
Sent: Fri, Jul 1, 2016 6:03 am
Subject: Re: [DCHAS-L] Today's Overview Webinar on New TSCA

To all:
This bill has been moving through the system for years and with passage by the Congress and signature by the President it is the law of the line.. I would be shocked if any substantive amendments will be made to the legislation in the next decade. Yes, there may be some minor clean up of legislative language next year as is customary for major legislation. However, I doubt the Congress will have any "stomach" for re-opening the legislation for major changes. The opportunity for addressing perceived short comings is now history.
This legislation as always has some latitude as to how it is implemented. Thus, I urge interested parties to closely follow the actions of EPA, especially over the next 1 to 2 years, as it implements the legislation. This is always challenging and time consuming. However, occasionally specific targeted efforts by interested persons and parties can influence EPA's actions on the first chemicals addressed which in turn can set the precedent for actions on future reviews on other chemicals.
It is my personal opinion that the legislation contains a lot of language, for example, frequent use of the phrase-- "unreasonable risk", that gives the EPA broad policy discretion in taking or not taking certain actions on specific chemicals. Finally, I would note my own personal view from following EPAs actions since its origins --- "Science needs to inform policy judgements and regulatory actions, however, science alone is not sufficient for dictating specific policy outcomes." It is important for scientists to make certain EPA gets the science right. If a scientist or group of scientists have difficulty with a particular agency decision it is important to critically examine the matter and determine whether the problem is with the science or the policy decisions leading to a particular regulatory outcome..
It is going to be interesting to follow the EPAs actions over the next several years. One thing the legislation does do is set some specific goals and time lines for the Agency to attempt to meet in the future. This is a clear response to the slow progress made by the EPA in moving chemicals through IRIS review over the last several decades.
Over past decades much time and energy has been expended in debating the relevance and role of data from laboratory animal studies in assessing human hazards and risks. Increasingly, attention will shift to interpreting the results of studies with experimental systems that do not use animals. The debate over emphasis on hazard characterization versus quantitative risk assessment will also continue. The recent debate over actions of IARC is a preview of what to expect. As an aside, did you note that IARC changed its classification of coffee consumption -its cancer hazard is no longer established. However, be careful what you drink, hot water is now on the IARC list of possible human carcinogens.
It is a wild, wild world at the interface between science and policy. I urge everyone to become engaged in the process, but, try to distinguish between whether your arguments are with how the science was used or with your own preference for a different policy outcome.
Regards to all.

Roger O. McClellan, DVM, MMS, DSc(Honorary)
Diplomate - ABVT and ABT; Fellow -ATS, SRA ,HPS, AAAR and AAAS
Member - National Academy of Medicine
Advisor, Toxicology and Human Health Risk Assessment
Albuquerque, NM 87111

On Thu, 6/30/16, Alvaldenio**At_Symbol_Here** <alvaldenio**At_Symbol_Here**VERIZON.NET> wrote:

Subject: Re: [DCHAS-L] Today's Overview Webinar on New TSCA
Date: Thursday, June 30, 2016, 5:19 PM

Ralph, In view of the
many shortcomings of the new law, should our Division start
proposing a series of amendments for the next session of
Congress? Al Denio

from my iPad

> On Jun 30, 2016, at
6:23 PM, Secretary, ACS Division of Chemical Health and
Safety <secretary**At_Symbol_Here**DCHAS.ORG>
> Note that
the slides from today's webinar are available at:

> - Ralph
> From: "U.S. EPA
Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention"
> Regarding today's
webinar on the new TSCA, our sincere regrets that some
people were not able hear the audio or were not able to join
at the beginning of the presentation. Our conference lines
were overwhelmed by the large number of participants. We
plan to host another overview webinar in the near future.
Information for this future webinar will be sent out through
this Listserv and available at the new TSCA webpage. Please
accept our regrets.

Harry J. Elston, Ph.D., CIH
Company Information
Twitter: **At_Symbol_Here**MidwestChemSafe

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