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General Chemistry Web Resources

Introduction

    The following web resources are some of the best ones out there for a typical second semester college-level General Chemistry course. The page is currently arranged to parallel the Chapter structure of Chang's Chemistry, but presumably could be made a searchable database someday.

    I developed this list when I taught freshman chemistry at the University of Kentucky 1997-2000. I remove broken links every couple of years, but for the most part I do not have the time to find replacements.

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Chemistry: Concepts and Problems:
A Self-Teaching Guide

[Chapter-by-Chapter Topics]   [General Interest Topics]  

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Chapter 11 SectionChapter 11 Sites: Intermolecular Forces and Liquids And Solids
11.1
The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Liquids and Solids
11.2
Intermolecular Forces
  • (many dead links removed)
  • These randomized multiple choice questions at Frostburg State are related to this material.
  • See also the resources listed in Chapter 12.2.
11.3
The Liquid State
  • Look at a structure of liquid water as a Quicktime movie.
  • More about water, evaporation etc. at USA Today's weather page.
11.4
Crystal Structure
    Links come along and then they die.

11.5
Bonding in Solids
11.6
Phase Changes
    Poof, a couple more links bite the dust.
11.7
Phase Diagrams
  • (3 dead links removed)
  • Here's a set of PowerPoint slides on this and 11.5-11.6 at UNC-Charlotte.
  • A 33-question quiz w/ answers on the states of matter at the U of FL.

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Chapter 12 SectionChapter 12 Sites: Physical Properties of Solutions
12.1
Types of Solutions
12.2
A Molecular View of the Solution Process
  • (3 dead links removed)
  • Some tips and short on-line quizzes at LSU.
12.3
Concentration Units
12.4
Effect of Temperature on Solubility
  • (2 dead links with cool graphics removed)
12.5
Effect of Pressure on the Solubility of Gases
12.6 and 12.7
Colligative Properties
  • All the good links die young.
12.8
Colloids

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Chapter 13 SectionChapter 13 Sites: Chemical Kinetics
13.1
The Rate of a Reaction
13.2
The Rate Laws
  • The half life of links is something like 18 months.
13.3
Relation Between Reactant Concentration and Time: First-Order Reactions
13.4
Activation Energy and Temperature Dependence of Rate Constants
  • Links are dying faster than microbes in bleach.
13.5
Reaction Mechanisms and Rate Laws
13.6
Catalysis

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Chapter 14 SectionChapter 14 Sites: Chemical Equilibrium
14.1
The Concept of Equilibrium
  • They should have a VH-1 special called "I love the dead links".
14.2
Ways of Expressing Equilibrium Constants
  • (4 dead links removed)
  • Bemidji State U in Montana has some nice notes with a few examples.
14.3
What Does the Equilibrium Constant Tell Us?
  • These links are pushing up daisies.
14.4
Factors That Affect Chemical Equilibrium

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Chapter 15 SectionChapter 15 Sites: Acids and Bases
15.1
Brønsted Acids and Bases
15.2: The Acid-Base Properties of Water

15.3 pH - A Measure of Acidity

15.4
Strong Acids and Strong Bases
15.5: Weak Acids and Acid Ionization Constants

15.6: Weak Bases and Base Ionization Constants

15.7
The Relationship Between Conjugate Acid-Base Ionization Constants
  • Yeah, well, they're all dead...now what?
15.8
Acid-Base Properties of Salts
  • (both great links dead and removed).
15.10
Lewis Acids and Bases

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Chapter 16 SectionChapter 16 Sites: Acid-Base Equilibria & Solubility Equilibria
16.2
Buffer Solutions
  • (both great links dead and gone)
16.3
A Closer Look at Acid-Base Titrations
  • (3 dead links deleted)
  • Scott van Bramer has some lecture notes about dealing with acid base (and buffer) problems.
  • Scott van Bramer has interactive problems for strong-weak titrations.
  • U of Wisconsin has acid-base and other reaction questions (with answers).
16.4
Acid-Base Indicators
  • (4 excellent links dead and deleted)
16.5
Solubility Equilibria
  • (bunch of good examples removed, RIP).
  • Scott van Bramer has some interactive practice problems.
  • Tenn. Tech U has a zillion old multiple choice exams with answers (including stuff from all of Chap 16-17).
16.6
The Common Ion Effect and Solubility
16.7
Complex Ion Equilibria and Solubility
  • LInks...links...oh yeah...those are supposed to be here.
16.8
Application of the Solubility Product Principle to Qualitative Analysis
  • (great link dead and gone)

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Chapter 17 SectionChapter 17: Chemistry in the Atmosphere
17.1
Earth's Atmosphere
17.2
Phenomena in the Outer Layers of the Atmosphere
  • (2 more dead links gone)
17.3
Depletion of Ozone in the Stratosphere
17.4
Volcanoes
17.5
The Greenhouse Effect
17.6
Acid Rain
17.7
Photochemical Smog
17.8
Indoor Pollution

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Chapter 18 SectionChapter 18 Sites: Thermodynamics
(6.7)
Intro to Thermodynamics (review of enthalpy and the first law of thermodynamics)
  • (3 dead links gone)
  • Gwen Sibert does a good job on this as well.
18.2
Spontaneous Processes
  • (apparently, good links decay spontaneously)
18.3
Entropy
  • (decay of great web links is a lot like entropy)
  • The Page of Entropy has a non-mathematical overview of Entropy and the Second Law.
  • 2ndlaw.com has a thorough rigorous discussion and shows how the term is (quite often) misapplied.
18.4
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • secondlaw.com tells you all about it.
  • An increase in entropy is not a counterargument to the concept of evolution, but the link died out (evolution in action?)
18.5
Gibbs Free Energy
  • (3 more great links dead and gone)
  • Take a sample test at Tenn. Tech. U.
18.6
Free Energy and Chemical Equilibrium
  • Many great links here...and they are all dead!
18.7
Thermodynamics in Living Systems
  • (Can you believe how fast links die?)

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Chapter 19 SectionChapter 19 Sites: Electrochemistry
19.1
Redox Reactions
  • Good links don't die...they just corrode away.
19.2
Galvanic Cells
  • This battery is dead.
19.3
Standard Electrode Potentials
  • (2 dead links go bye-bye)
19.4
Spontaneity of Redox Reactions
19.5
Effect of Concentration on Cell EMF: The Nernst Equation
19.6
Batteries
  • Need a new one to power these links.
19.7
Corrosion
19.8
Electrolysis
  • (3 fine, dead links removed)
  • Visit NASA to see how electrolysis works on the space shuttle.
19.9
Electrometallurgy

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Chapter 20 SectionChapter 20 Sites: Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals
20.1
Occurence of Metals
Coming later this semester....
20.2
Metallurgical Processes
Coming later this semester....
20.3
Band Theory of Conductivity
Coming later this semester....
20.4
Periodic Trends in Metallic Properties
Coming later this semester....
20.5
The Alkali Metals
Coming later this semester....
20.6
The Alkaline-Earth Metals
Coming later this semester....
20.7
Aluminum
Coming later this semester....

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Chapter 21 SectionChapter 21 Sites: Nonmetallic Elements and Their Compounds
21.1
General Properties of Nonmetals
Coming later this semester....
21.2
Hydrogen
Coming later this semester....
21.3
Carbon
Coming later this semester....
21.4
Nitrogen and Phosphorous
Coming later this semester....
21.5
Oxygen and Sulfur
Coming later this semester....
21.6
The Halogens
Coming later this semester....

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Chapter 22 SectionChapter 22 Sites: Transition Metal Chemistry
22.1
Properties of the Transition Metals
  • (2 fine links, dead and gone)
22.2
Coordination Compounds
22.3
Geometry of Coordination Compounds
  • Mark Winter's page discusses VSEPR = geometry of transition metal complex ions using cool models.
  • Molecular geometries predicted by VSEPR using interactive models at Lebanon Vallye College.
  • John Nash at Purdue has an excellent tutorial on the structure and isomerism of coordination complexes. Don't miss this one!!
  • Another good summary on geometry and isomerism is available at the U of the West Indies.
22.4
Bonding in Coordination Compounds: Crystal Field Theory
  • (3 great links died here)
  • U of the West Indies has a java applet that fills in electrons on octahderal and tetrahedral splitting diagrams.

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Chapter 23 SectionChapter 23 Sites: Nuclear Chemistry
23.1
The Nature of Nuclear Reactions
23.2
Nuclear Stability
  • (again, poof!)
23.3
Natural Radioactivity
  • (good links have short half lives)
23.4
Nuclear Transmutation
  • See section 23.1
23.5
Nuclear Fission
23.6
Nuclear Fusion
23.7
Uses of Isotopes
23.8
Biological Effects of Radiation

You are always welcome to email us with tips on useful sites that we should add to this list!

[Top]   [Chapter-by-Chapter Topics]   [General Interest Topics]

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General Sites of Interest to Chemistry Students:

  • Periodic Tables? Here's just a few...

    • The Chemicool periodic table developed at MIT is pretty cool. Click on an element for numeric data.

    • Web Elements is an amazing interactive periodic table database. You can get atomic radii, electrochemical reduction potentials, chemical properties and much much more just by clicking on an element. Trends are displayed graphically -- a VERY powerful tool.

    • Los Alamos National Lab has a great searchable periodic table with info about each element.

    • Take the Periodic Table Challenge and see if you can fill in a blank periodic table. Best of all, it's right here on our web site!

    • JetPunk has a 10-minute timed quiz where you type in the full names of as many elements as you can think of.

  • Purdue University has an excellent tutorial on coordination chemistry. It requires the free Chime plug-in.

  • Visit the University of Sheffield and check out this wonderful tutorial on VSEPR theory.

  • Gwen Sibert has a bunch of great notes on topics such as thermochemistry, redox, and lots more relevant to second semester General Chemistry.

  • Visit the Nobel Foundation and learn about the people, history and chemistry behind the prizes (also notice that Economics is NOT a true Nobel prize). Or try the IgNobel Prizes if you want some fun.

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Examkrackers 1001
Questions in MCAT Chemistry

 

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Chemistry & Chemical
Reactivity: Student
Solutions Manual

Kotz & Treichel

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This page was last updated Thursday, August 13, 2009 and has been accessed 86052 times since July 12, 2000.
This document and associated figures are copyright 1998-2014 by Rob Toreki. All rights reserved.