Date: Thu, 5 Jan 2006 21:46:28 EST
Reply-To: Labsafe**At_Symbol_Here**AOL.COM
Sender: DCHAS-L Discussion List <DCHAS-L**At_Symbol_Here**LIST.UVM.EDU>
From: Jim Kaufman <Labsafe**At_Symbol_Here**AOL.COM>
Subject: Re: ANSI Z87.1 Standard Confusion
John Palassis' comments below would seem to me to be helpful in  
understanding the multi-hazard nature of the ANSI Z-87.1 standard.  He  points us to the 
OSHA 29CFR1910.133 standard.
29CFR1910.133 says:
"1910.133(a)(1)  The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses 
appropriate eye or  face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from 
flying particles,  molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, 
chemical gases or  vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation."   ... and 
later  ...
"1910.133(b)  Criteria for protective eye and face devices. 
1910.133(b)(1)  Protective eye and face devices purchased after July 5, 1994 
shall comply with  ANSI Z87.1-1989, "American National Standard Practice for 
Occupational and  Educational Eye and Face Protection," which is incorporated 
by reference as  specified in Sec. 1910.6."
Now, the important inference that I draw from this is that OSHA believes  
that the ANSI Z-87.1 standard is good for ALL of these types of hazards (not  
just impact).  OSHA is suggesting that Z-87.1 is a multi-hazard  standard.
John also notes that unfortunately, he does not have his own copy  of the 
In looking at the Z-87.1 (1989) standard itself ...
The word "impact" does not appear in the forward or preface (1989).
The Scope and Purpose says:
"This standard shall apply to those occupational and educational operations  
and processes where eye and face hazards (plural ... my words) exist.   These 
include, but are not limited to, machining operations, material welding  and 
cutting, chemical handling, and assembly operations."
The selection chart on page 16 lists five major types of hazards: impact,  
heat, chemical, dust, and optical radiation.  So, it would seem fairer and  more 
reasonable to me to consider the Z-87.1 to be a multi-hazard  standard.     
... Jim


After reading the  OSHA 29CFR 1910.133 regulation on Eye and Face Protection 
at _http
and then reading the  comparison of the old (1989) and new (2003) versions of 
the ANSI Z87.1  standard at _ 
(  ,  unfortunately I do not 
have my own copy of the standard, but it is my  understanding and opinion that 
the ANSI gives specific performance tests for  strength and integrity of the 
frame and lens against eye and face  hazards that can be found in various 
occupational and educational  operations.  Impact-resistant frames and lenses are 
of primary importance  of the ANSI Z87.1 standard.  However, the ANSI standard 
also covers  specifications for lens and frame markings, optical requirements 
of the  lenses, side shields, and tests for corrosion and flammability of the 
parts  used to manufacture these devices (safety glasses, goggles, face 
shields (my  list)).
However, the OSHA  1910.133 eye and face regulation is all-inclusive to cover 
impact, splashes,  dust, and heat and injurious light radiation.  It does say 
a little about  side shields.  OSHA is primarily interested that the employer 
ensures  that the employees are protected by using safely-designed eye and 
face  devices.  The OSHA 1910.133 references only to the old Z87.1-1989  
standard.  All other newer revisions of the ANSI Z87.1 should be  considered 
voluntary by the industry and academia.  It is to the  benefit of the manufacturers to 
produce products that meet the newest ANSI  Z87.1-2003 standard to stay 
competitive, and to the benefit of the users to  buy eye and face protection 
devices that meet the newest ANSI standard.   OSHA from the regulatory point of view 
is interested that these devices meet  the 1989 ANSI requirements.

John  P.  

James A. Kaufman, Ph.D. 

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