EPA today posted a report on the environmental life-cycle assessment (LCA) of lithium ion batteries used in electric vehicles. The report was developed in partnership with the Department of Energy, the lithium-ion battery industry, and academics as part of EPA's Design for the Environment Program. As the demand for electric vehicles increases resulting in reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, lithium-ion batteries are expected to play a key role in the electric vehicle industry. This LCA is designed to provide battery manufacturers with information to help select safer materials and processes.
The report also reviews the potential impacts of a nanotechnology innovation that could improve battery performance. The report and summary information can be found at (http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/projects/lbnp/index.htm).
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