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|Title: 07/10/1997 - Safety and Health regulations over large dairy farms.|
|Record Type: Interpretation||Standard Number: 1910, 1910.111, 1910.142, 1910.145, 1910.266, 1910.1027, 1910.1200, 1910.1201, 1928|
July 10, 1997
Honorable Russell D. Feingold
United States Senate
Washington, DC 20510
Dear Senator Feingold:
This is in response to your letter dated May 21, on behalf of your constituent, Mr. Jim Ostrum of Kaukauna, Wisconsin, and his questions pertaining to the Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations over large dairy farms.|
Dairy farms have a Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code of 0241, which OSHA considers an agricultural or farming operation. For farming operations the regulations that would apply are found in Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations Part 1928 and Part 1910. Part 1928 contains OSHA standards for agriculture and Part 1910 contains the standards for general industry. A copy of the Part 1928 standards is enclosed.
Seven standards in Part 1910 also apply to farming operations. They are the standards for temporary labor camps (1910.142); storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia (1910.111 (a) and (b)); logging operations (1910.266); slow-moving vehicles (1910.145); hazard communication (1910.1200); cadmium (1910.1027, 1910.1200); and retention of Department of Transportation (DOT) markings, placards and labels (1910.1201). These seven standards have been marked with yellow flags in the two volumes of the Part 1910 standards that are enclosed.
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There is, however, a difference in OSHA's authority to enforce its standards. As you know, Congress has for several years restricted OSHA's enforcement activities regarding small employers by enacting an appropriations rider. The rider exempts small farming operations from enforcement of all rules, regulations, standards or orders under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (the Act). A farming operation is exempt from all OSHA if it presently has or has had at any time during the previous 12 months, ten or fewer employees; and has not had
an active temporary labor camp during the proceeding 12 months. Family members of farm employers are not counted when determining the number of employees.|
OSHA's future regulatory powers over large farms, as over any employer, will depend upon what Congress determines is appropriate in light of the goals of the agency and the resources allocated to it.
To assist your constituent, you will also find Fact Sheet No. OSHA 97-04 which describes the OSHA Consultation Service. If your constituent wishes to contact the OSHA Consultation Service, he may contact the following:
For health issues:
Terry Moen, Chief
Telephone: (608) 266-8579
Fax: (608) 266-9711
Jim Lutz, Acting Program Manager
Telephone: (414) 521-5063
Fax: (414) 548-8614
John B. Miles, Jr., Director
Directorate of Compliance Programs
U.S. Department of Labor
200 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20210
To Whom It May Concern:
I am writing on behalf of a constituent, Mr. Jim Ostrum of Kaukauna, Wisconsin. Mr. Ostrum has questions pertaining to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations over farms, specifically large dairy farms.|
Mr. Ostrum has contacted my office requesting detailed OSHA regulations outlining what farms of varying sizes must satisfy in order to be in full compliance with OSHA guidelines. Mr. Ostrum feels that there is a disparity in the regulations large farms must comply with versus the regulations small farms must comply with. Mr. Ostrum feels that large farms are required to follow the same regulations as large industrial enterprises, whereas small farms must comply with lesser regulations. Mr. Ostrum wonders if OSHA's regulatory powers over large farms will increase in the future as concerns over environmental and agricultural pollution grows.
I am confident you will address his concerns in a timely fashion. Thank you in advance for your cooperation. Please address any questions you may have to Dean Baldukas of my Middleton office.
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Russell D. Feingold
United States Senator
The official, public domain, OSHA version of this document is available at http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=22449&p_text_version=FALSE