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Title: 06/09/2011 - Determination of a manufactured product as an article under the Hazard Communication standard
Record Type: InterpretationStandard Number: 1910.1200

ILPI Notes: This interpretation is based on and references the HCS 1994 which is now obsolete. While some parts have been deleted or changed, the conclusions of this interpretation appear consistent with the current regulation. Specifically, neither the definition of "article" nor the treatment of articles has changed. However, be aware that the Standard also changed the way that hazard determinations/classifications are made.


OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards and regulations. Our interpretation letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional employer obligations. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. To keep apprised of such developments, you can consult OSHA's website at http://www.osha.gov.


June 9, 2011


Dr. Danish Jamal

Head: R&D Department

Suprabha Protective Products Pvt. Ltd.

1st Floor, Bhandari Apartment

373-Somwarpeth

Pune-411001

India

Dear Dr. Jamal:

Thank you for your October 14, 2010, letter to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Your letter was referred to the Directorate of Enforcement Programs for a response. We apologize for the delay in responding to your request. You have a specific question regarding vapor corrosion inhibitor (VCI) products that your company manufactures, and the applicability of OSHA's Hazard Communication standard (HCS), 29 CFR 1910.1200 [in 2011 context: HCS 1994 | current regulation: HCS 2012] . This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation only of the requirements herein, and may not be applicable to any situation not delineated within your original correspondence. Your question has been paraphrased below, followed by our reply:

Question:Would VCI papers and VCI films be considered "articles" by definition under OSHA's Hazard Communication standard?

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Reply: For VCI papers and films to qualify as "articles" they must satisfy the requirements specified in the definition of an article at 29 CFR 1910.1200(c) [in 2011 context: HCS 1994 | current regulation: HCS 2012] :

"Article" means a manufactured item other than a fluid or particle: (i) which is formed to a specific shape or design during manufacture; (ii) which has end use function(s) dependent in whole or in part upon its shape or design during end use; and (iii) which under normal conditions of use does not release more than very small quantities, e.g., minute or trace amounts of a hazardous chemical (as determined under paragraph (d) of this section [in 2011 context: HCS 1994 | current regulation: HCS 2012]), and does not pose a physical hazard or health risk to employees.

In your letter you indicated that these products do not pose a physical hazard to workers. Further, you indicate that the chemicals used to coat or impregnate paper and films are organic, non-hazardous, and under normal conditions of use do not release more than very small quantities. However, from the information you provided, it is difficult to understand how your products will be handled by downstream workers, the chemicals that are being released, or the amount of worker exposure. This information is an important part of the hazard determination process and may help as you ascertain how the products in question should be addressed. If a manufacturer makes a reasonable determination that its product satisfies the requirements specified at 29 CFR 1910.1200(c) [in 2011 context: HCS 1994 | current regulation: HCS 2012], including that it poses no health risk or physical hazard to downstream workers, the product would then be considered an article.

hank you for your interest in occupational safety and health. We hope you find this information helpful. OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards, and regulations. Our interpretation letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional employer obligations. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. To keep apprised of such developments, you can continue to consult OSHA's Web site at www.osha.gov. If you have any further questions, please feel free to contact the Office of Health Enforcement at 202-693-2190.

Sincerely,



Thomas Galassi, Director

Directorate of Enforcement Programs


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The official, public domain, OSHA version of this document is available at http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=28664&p_text_version=FALSE