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- Acidosis means that your body has more acid than normal. In other words, the pH of your body is lower than normal.
- The term serum acidosis refers specifically to the acid level of your blood.
- When your body is too basic (alkaline), the corresponding condition is called alkalosis.
Correct and vital function of your body depends on having the proper pH level and a balance of the various ions in your body (your electrolytes). Two components that play a vital role are the hydrogen cation, H+ and the bicarbonate anion, HCO3-. If one of these is either enhanced or depleted by physical activity, disease or chemical exposure, symptoms can begin to appear.
Acidosis has many causes and therefore, several variants. For example, those suffering from ketosis (a common condition in diabetes) can get a buildup of excess acids in the body, a condition called ketoacidosis. Those whose lungs aren't working properly can have problems expelling carbon dioxide, which causes respiratory acidosis.
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Exposure to certain chemicals, particularly by ingestion, may result in acidosis. Acidosis can cause a variety of symptoms, including headache, nausea, fatigue, and vomiting. The condition can be life-threatening if left untreated. If you suspect that exposure to a hazardous substance is causing symptoms such as these, see a physician immediately.
See also: coma, electrolyte.
Additional definitions from Google and Onelook.
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