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|ANSI - American National Standards Institute|
ANSI-approved standards are voluntary, however it is possible that some of the content of these standards could be made into law by a governmental body.
ANSI is the official U.S. representative to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). You may have heard of the ISO management system standards ISO 9000 (quality) and ISO 14000 (environmental), especially if you read Dilbert a lot.
ANSI standard Z400.1-2004 "Hazardous Industrial Chemicals - Material Safety Data Sheets - Preparation" is the voluntary standard commonly used to construct MSDS's. OSHA now recommends that the ANSI format be utilized, but they can not mandate it without federal regulation changes (see this OSHA interpretation letter). OSHA is now working on implementing the Globally Harmonized System and when this effort becomes law, then MSDS formats will follow the new standard.
You can purchase the standard on-line for $88.00 by following links on the ANSI web site. This standard was developed by the American Chemistry Council, formerly known as the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA).
MSDS's have 16 sections under the ANSI MSDS standard:
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MSDS's in ANSI format have a few distinct advantages over those prepared using the standard OSHA Form 174 format:
Additional ANSI standards may quoted on MSDS's in reference to emergency equipment such as eye washes and safety showers (ANSI/ISEA Z358.1-2009, "American National Standard for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment") or personal protective equipment such as safety glasses, goggles, and respirators.
See also: ACGIH, OSHA
Additional definitions from Google and OneLook.
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