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The American Society For Testing and Materials, ASTM, is a not-for-profit organization that develops and provides voluntary consensus standards, related technical information, and services having internationally recognized quality and applicability that:
Their web site is http://www.astm.org/.
ASTM develops standard test methods, specifications, practices, guides, classifications, and terminology in 130 areas covering subjects such as metals, paints, plastics, textiles, petroleum, construction, energy, the environment, consumer products, medical services and devices, computerized systems, electronics, and many others.
ASTM Headquarters has no technical research or testing facilities; such work is done voluntarily by the ASTM members located throughout the world.
More than 13,000 ASTM standards are published each year in the 80+ volumes of the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Visit ASTM's on-line store to search for and/or purchase standards.
Appendix B of 29 CFR 1910.1200, the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, contains several references to ASTM. For example, boiling point, heat of combustion and flashpoint testing (if performed) must be determined using various ASTM methods.
In addition, ASTM publishes hundreds of standards relating to occupational and environmental health and safety. Particular pieces of safety equipment might be legal required to meet a certain ASTM standard. For example, under 29 CFR 1910.136, OSHA requires that protective footwear meet either a specified ASTM or ANSI standard and under 29 CFR 1910.26 OSHA requires certain electrical protective equipment to meet various ASTM standards.
Likewise, even individual chemicals have their own ASTM standards which cover testing methods, specifications, practices and more. However, these are not not substitutes for SDS's and do not contain the information required in SDS's.
See also: ACGIH, ANSI, ASSE.
Additional definitions from Google and OneLook.
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